Dentistry is an ancient branch of medicine. It was prevalent during the Indus Valley Civilization. Back then it was chiefly concerned with the treatment of tooth related disorders with bow drills which were being operated by skilled bead craftsmen. The first dental filling made of beeswax was invented almost 6500 years before in Slovenia. A reference to a “tooth worm” as the reason of dental caries has been made in a 5000 BC Sumerian text. Ancient Japan, China, Egypt, and India confirm to this notion as well. Some ancient Egyptians and Greco-Romans remains uncover early efforts at dental surgery and prosthetic. The eminent Greek scholars like Hippocrates and Aristotle wrote about dentistry.
In Bainbridge, Ohio, Dr. John M. Harris started the first dental school which was inaugurated on 21 February 1828 and which was later turned into a dental museum. He even facilitated to establish dentistry as a health profession. The first dental college, Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, commenced in 1840 in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Between 1650 and 1800, drastic development took place in the field of modern dental science.
Diseases related to the oral cavity are the major public health problems due to their recurrence across the world. Most of the dental treatments are to treat or heal the two most common oral diseases which are periodontal disease (gum disease or pyorrhea) and dental caries (tooth decay). Conventional medications consists of the restoration of teeth as a treatment for dental caries (fillings), extraction or surgical removal of teeth which cannot be repaired, scaling of teeth to treat periodontal problems and periodontics root canal treatment to treat abscessed teeth.
Cosmetic dentistry is usually used to refer to any dental work that enhances the appearance (not necessarily the function) of a person’s teeth or gums. Cosmetic dentistry may include the addition of a dental material to teeth or gums, for example bonding, porcelain veneers (laminates), crowns (caps), gum grafts, the removal of tooth structure or gums, like enameloplasty, gingivectomy, neither adding nor removing dental materials, tooth structure, or gums which involve teeth whitening (bleaching), gum depigmentation and straightening of teeth accompanied by improvement in appearance of face also known as Orthodontics. Dentist Belmont provides cosmetic and family dentistry such as composite bonding, composite fillings, bridges, implants, and services such as Orthodontics, dental implant and teeth whitening.
The damage of teeth due to tooth decay from cavities require fillings made from amalgam, gold, porcelain or resin in order to repair and protect the tooth. Bonding is another form of restoration process. In this process cracked or chipped teeth can be repaired by gluing composite resin to the surface of the tooth. Orthodontic work is also performed by the practitioners of general dentistry. Teeth are fixed with retainers or braces to align them. This is regarded to have both functional and cosmetic purposes.A dental bridge is to replace any missing teeth. A root canal is performed when an infection happens beneath the enamel. During this process, the tooth is hollowed out, an antibacterial filling is filled in and then a crown is put on to protect it. Therefore it can be said that dental health is generally regarded essential for complete overall health.